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- the aunt of Julius Caesar ↩
- He achieved this by humbling himself before the soldiers, doing the same labour and eating the same food as them ↩
- Marius used a shorter time and smaller army than his rival, Metellus ↩
- Marius' rival as Sulla was a politician who had very different views from Marius and who once took all of Marius’ credit for ending a war ↩
- This was strictly against the traditions and laws ↩
- Footnote 1 ↩
- with 5 years being a consecutive 5-year consulship ↩
Carney, T.F. (1958, Jan). The Death Of Marius. ACTA Classica: Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa. 1(1), 117 -122.
Capogrossi, Colognesi, & Luigikopp, & Laura. (2014, November 13). Law and Power in the Making of the Roman Commonwealth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clark, Jessica. (2014, May 27). Bad Politics: Defeats, Nobility, and New Men, 120–101 b.c.e.. In Triumph in Defeat: Military Loss and the Roman Republic. Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199336548.003.0006.
Gaius Marius. (2004). Gaius Marius. In Encyclopedia of World Biography. 10(2), 264-265. Detroit: Gale.
Gill, N.S. (2017, February 27). Roman Leaders at the End of the Republic: Marius. ThoughtCo.
Lee, Brice. (2014). Arms and Armour, Roman. Warfare in the Roman Republic. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC.
Nerdahl, Michael. (2008). Pouring the Wrong Wax in the Literary Mold: Plutarch's “Marius” and Homer's “Odyssey”. College Literature. 35(4), 110-126.
Photo 1: Bruno Liljefors, Sea Eagle’s Nest, (10 July 2009). Public Domain.
Photo 2: Ulpiano Checa, Invasion of the Barbarians of The Huns approaching Rome, (29 June 2014). Public Domain.
Photo 3: Silvestre David Mirys, Gaius Gracchus, tribune of the people, presiding over the Plebeian Council, (1 March 2014). Public Domain.
Photo 4: Mark James Miller, Portrait of Julius Caesar (oil on canvas). Based on bust of the ruler from the British Museum, (20 August 2013). Public Domain.
Photo 5: https://pixabay.com/en/legion-roman-army-ancient-military-444126/. CC0 PD (No attribution required).
Photo 6: Mary Macgregor, Gaius Marius sitting in exile amongf the ruins of Cartliaire, (1 September 2014). Public Domain.
Photo 7: Maccari Cicero, Cicero Denounces Catiline, (14 May 2016). Public Domain.
Matthias Kabel, Roman Aquila, (18 June 2005). CC BY-SA 3.0.
Photo 8: Charlotte Mary Yonge, Marius, (26 November 2006). Public Domain.
No author, Marius Glyptothek Munich, (22 February 2011). Public Domain.