The famous conquest of Alexander the Great is bound to be familiar by most. At a young age of 11, he was able to tame the untameable and at 18, won his first battle.
Liberating Egypt from the hands of the Persians was just one of the great deeds that Alexander of Macedon achieved in his lifetime. Founded in 331BCE, he made use of his newly acquired territory and named today's second largest city of Egypt; Alexandria which would be the most important city for his naval base and commercial purposes.
This is because this Mediterranean city is located at the mouth of Nile, which I am sure benefits the agriculture and trading of gems and stones as many minerals are deposited at the delta.Although Alexander didn't stay for long in Egypt, he was still regarded as Pharaoh, and left this territory into the capable hands of his commander, Cleomenes, who managed to built Alexandria as Alexander had envisioned. Yet, he was never credited much in the records. He went on from Alexandria to conquer Tyre in Phoenicia (modern day Syria, Lebanon and northern Israel). However, things in Tyre did not go as smooth as it did in Alexandria. With an intention to get Tyre to surrender, Alexander proposed to offer their god a sacrifice, which unfortunately was turned down by the King. This sparked Alexander's rage towards Tyre as he started to kill and ordered a siege upon them.
These are just some of the many things he has done, but I'm going to focus on one point.
Why did Tyre of Phoenicia not accept Alexander as readily as Egypt?
Looking back at History, when he came in and conquered Egypt, he was welcomed as a divine being because he liberated the Egyptians from the Persian rule. This was because the Egyptians have long tried to overthrown the Persians, often seeking help from Athens and Sparta. When Alexander delivered them from the Persians, Egypt was finally free from Persian rule.
However, Alexander did not receive the exact hospitality in Phoenicia, where the city of Tyre was the only one who resisted. Despite his efforts, Alexander too made a mistake in offering to sacrifice to the god of Tyre as he lacked culture relativism towards them. If only Alexander knew how to communicate with the Tyre, rather than just sending his rage with envoys. It sure is an impressive feat for Alexander and his troops to build a causeway across to Tyre, just to carry out his siege that lasted for a good seven months. But at what cost? Alexander could have made use of Tyre's location as a Mediterranean port, like what he did with Alexandria. This would have made his quest to building an Empire much more efficient., wouldn't it?