By: Jermaine Goh | Ng Ying | Sean Singh | Dominique Lim
Ever paused and wondered about how Good Friday or Easter Sunday came about? Or was it simply another long weekend for you to enjoy and tie up loose ends? ;-)
These 2 dates are prominent to Christians because they respectively represent Jesus Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection. It was these 2 events that began the spread of Christianity to what it is today. Since then, 12 Apostles/Disciples were commissioned by Jesus1 to spread the word of the gospel across nations. The 12 each played their part to help Christianity grow to become the well-respected religion it is today. However, the journey wasn’t all rainbows and butterflies; persecution/martyrdom and the Roman Empire’s opposition awaited them, causing their journeys to be bumpy. Spreading the gospel across continents has allowed the religion to develop into something more understood2. Despite some disciples overshadowing others, all of them were chosen by Jesus (with the exception of Matthias3) for specific reasons.
Taking a look into the lives and activities of these people provides a clearer idea of how Early Christianity spread from a small cult to one of the major religions of the world. From such a religion arose powerful political figures (E.g. Popes) that play significant roles in the secular world, as discussed in Post 1. Hence, understanding how and why such an ideology could spread like wildfire would be useful in helping us comprehend how Christianity came to be in today's society.
Before we delve into where the 12 Apostles went and how they spread the gospel, feel free to find out more about them (and a couple of other equally significant figures) by opening this link in a new window!
Join us, and them, on their adventure as the gospel gets spread across nations, beginning with one powerful command from Jesus Christ! However, it is unfortunate that these events occurred way too early in history, which is why it was a huge challenge obtaining sources that provided concrete evidences of the events4. In addition, some Apostles played a larger role, while others not as much, so you will see an imbalance of content from each individual. Hence, our content might seem frivolous but we promise they were the best we could produce. The course of this journey was documented on individual Twitter accounts5.
Listed below are the respective Twitter handles of Jesus Christ, Paul, Barnabas and 9 of the Apostles6. Individual profile links also provide access to these accounts. Additionally, in the "Location" widget of each profile, you would also be able to learn more about the most significant region each Apostle visited to spread the word of gospel (since most visited more than one). We also highly recommend that you visit the individual accounts to have a better understanding of the actions of each Apostle and significant figure7. We have ensured that the tweets by each account are in chronological order8. Lastly, to briefly view the fun and hilarious interactions, do search for the hashtag #ITAHSP on Twitter as well!
- This process was called "The Last Supper". ↩
- Do note that the study of Early Christianity from the viewpoints of social psychology has provided the idea that the spread of Christianity was not solely a result from the Acts of the Apostles (p. 280). One other important aspect that helped spread the religion was the social factors of Christianity. Arguably, strong and solid relationships built within the community helped in the spread of Christianity. ↩
- Matthias was chosen separately to replace Judas Iscariot, a former Apostle who was known for the betrayal of Jesus. ↩
- Some sources also failed to state the differences between common names such as "John" and "Paul". Therefore, we went ahead and assumed they were not the Apostle we were focusing on. ↩
- To avoid the complaint of the topic being too dry, this will be a modern reimagination of the entire process; something like a "parody". Look forward to fun language and gifs! ↩
- Simply because there were not much records left of the works of the remaining 3 Apostles, Andrew, James (Son of Zebedee) and Bartholomew. ↩
- Go ahead and open up any conversations that you come across in each tweet! It should give you a better idea of the interactions amongst the various accounts :) ↩
- To the best of our abilities though, due to a lack of sources that made it hard for us to provide a linear image of the entire scenario. We apologize for any confusion! caused :( ↩
Twitter Handles & Profile Links (Embedded)
- Peter, @hisimonpeter
- Thomas, @hidoubtingtom
- Matthew, @himatthewlevi
- James (Son of Alphaeus) / Brother of Jesus, @hijamestheless
- John, @hijohnzebedee
- Philip, @hiphilippos
- Thaddaeus, @hithaddaeus
- Simon the Zealot, @hisimonzealot
- Matthias, @himatthiasnew
Other Significant Figures
Badham, F.P., The Martyrdom of John the Apostle. The University of Chicago Press Journals. Assessed 23 April, 2017.
Bruce, F.F., New Testament History, pp. 233. (1969). New York: Doubleday.
Bussagli, M., The Apostle St. Thomas and India. Instituto Italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente (IsIAO). July 1952.
Butler, R.A., St. Jude, Apostle. The Lives or the Fathers, Martyrs and Other Principal Saints., Vol. III
Craig A. Blaising, "Philip, Apostle" in The Encyclopedia of Early Christianity. (1997). Edited by Everett Ferguson. New York: Garland Publishing.
Eusebius. Church History Book III, Chapter 36.
Flanagan, N.M., Jerusalem, Council Of (Acts 15). (Gale Virtual Reference Library, 2003). New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd Edition, Vol. 7, pp 772-774. Accessed 3 April, 2017.
Garbe, R., St. Thomas In India. Oxford University Press. January 1915.
Granger, R. & Ripperger, H., Saint Matthew the Apostle. (21 September, 1941). Arno Press: Longmans, Green & Co, pp 561-566.
How did the Apostle Paul Die? The Bible Study Site.
Kiger, P. J., How Did the Apostles Die? (19 February, 2015). National Geographic.
MacArthur, J., James, Son of Alphaeus
Origen's homilies on Luke VoI, 4. Patrologia Graeca 13:1814
Ryan, W., & Duffy, E. (2012). The Golden Legend: Readings on the Saints. Princeton University Press.
St. John the Apostle. Catholic Online. Retrieved 1 April, 2017.
The Gnostic Society Library, Gnostic Scriptures and Fragments. The Acts of Thomas, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1924.
Willoughby, H. "The Study of Early Christianity during the Last Quarter-Century" (May 1926) The University of Chicago Press, Vol 6, No. 3: 280-282.
Images are found on Google Slides of the Apostles as well as on Twitter Avatars and Headers.
Andrey Mironov, Apostle John the Theologian on the island of Patmos, 8 January 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License
Andrey Mironov, Calling the Apostle Matthew, 6 January 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license
Gothika, German: Apostel Judas Thaddäus, 27 November 2008, Public Domain
Guido Reni, Saint Joseph, 12 June 1640, Public Domain
HalloweenNight, Christ And The Rich Young Ruler, 22 November 2015, Public Domain
Heavy Horse, St. Bartholomew, 6 January 2014, Public Domain
Heavy Horse, The Apostle Simon, 25 March 2011, Public Domain
Jan Arkesteijn, Saint James the Greater, 22 May 2013, Public Domain
JarektUploadBot, Apostle Saint Andrew, 10 June 2011, Public Domain
JarektUploadBot, The Last Supper, 10 June, 2011, Public Domain
Jusepe Martinez, Apostle St Thomas, 4 June 2011, Public Domain
Peter Paul Rubens, St. Matthias, 4 May 2014, Public Domain
Peter Paul Rubens, St. Philip, 7 April 2011, Public Domain
Peter Paul Rubens, Saint Peter as Pope, 8 Feb 2012, Public Domain
Valentin de Boulogne, Saint Paul Writing His Epistles, 4 January 2013, Public Domain
Vincent Steenberg, Christ with a Staff, 10 July 2015, Public Domain