Greece, the Centre of Western Civilization

Greece, the Centre of Western Civilization

Greece, and most precisely Athens, its capital city, is the Centre of Western civilization. Greece has made a remarkable contribution to the development of Western civilization in many ways owing to its tremendous reservoir of shrewd minds. As Hellander (2008) notes, the ancient Greek intellectuals contributed magnificently to various spheres of life from religion to government, architecture, philosophy, and science. The most famous ancient Greece scientists, philosophers, and theorists such as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Democritus, Alexander the Great, and Archimedes transformed the world into what it is today. Ancient Greece civilization thrived over 4000 years ago, but still contributes greatly in the modern space. It is plausible, however, that the thoughts of the primordial Greeks continue to inspire the world in many ways to date.

Geographically, Greece consists of a peninsula and a consortium of isles in southeastern part of Europe. Greece mainland consists of a monotonous cape surrounded by Mediterranean Sea with nearly 1500 islands. With a sparkling topography, the nation state has mild winters and lengthy hot and dry seasons. Ancient Greece was a collection of city-states, otherwise known as polis (cities). It had many cities spread across the region. Most of the cities pitched strategically along North Africa, Sicily, and Europe (Athens University of Economics and Business, 2010). Economically, ancient Greece was a naval economy. The ancient Greeks traded with other civilization across the Mediterranean Sea. Water was the main source of transportation in the thriving regional trade across the Mediterranean Sea.

Greek’s ancient philosophers tried to enlighten the world via the lenses of science, philosophy, and religion. Several Greek philosophers and scientists made significant discoveries in various faculties including science and art. They, for example, developed the idea of democracy, which would later guarantee a system of governance where people have a say in the concept of governance. Athenian democracy is the acme of reorganizations that continue to build stronger civilizations across the world today. The word democracy stems from the Greek word “kratos”, which literally refers to people’s power (Ancient Greece, 2014). One of the core benefits of the Athenian democracy is its capacity to transform global politics nearly 4000 years later.

Greece’s unyielding need to embrace many facets of life undoubtedly helped to broaden their mindsets from a humble beginning. The need to hasten civilization refined their cultural awareness, and most importantly their endurance to develop intellectually. As Raaflaub and Ober (2007) note, Greeks valued beauty and imagination. This in turn became the acme of Greece’s sophistication. Greek sailors developed the alphabet and numbers from sea faring across the Mediterranean Sea. Many ancient scholars wrote several stories and plays that continue to shape pedagogy in the world today. However, ancient Greeks could not farm as most parts of the country were rugged. This explains why many resorted to and became exceptional sailors who traveled the world to make their insightful discoveries.

Sailing across the Mediterranean Sea made it possible for ancient Greeks to learn from various cultures while at the same time disseminated their ideas across the world. Moreover, their philosophers developed democracy, which continues to transform civilizations across the globe. Greek geographers on their part partitioned the world into areas of modern day continents. The lands to the west of Greece remain the Western world while those to the east remain the Eastern world to date. Greece’s ancient civilization contributed tremendously to the history and development of the world since they embraced almost all spheres of life.


Hellander, P. (2008). Greece (8th ed.). Footscray, Vic: Lonely Planet.

Raaflaub, K., & Ober, J. (2007). Origins of democracy in ancient Greece. Berkeley: University of California Press.