Aztecs Empire

Introduction

The term Aztec is used for a group of people in Central Mexico, though there never was any particular type of people group known as the Aztec. The Mexica people were the main part of the empire but there were many other cultures that were a part of the civilization that was about to be discovered by the Spanish.

The empire was ruled by placing local governments since the Aztecs did not want to rule every city state directly. But the Local government was forced to pay a variable amount as a tribute to the Triple Alliance (Most of it going to Tenochtitlan). Ruling through a local government helped establish continuity and stability.

 

Tenochtitlan

The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan became the largest city of Pre-Columbian Americas by the early 16 century CE and had about 200,000 inhabitants that time.

Tenochtitlan was a huge trading center with an in-flow and out-flow of goods such as gold, cotton, tobacco, pottery, weapons, tools, turquoise, cacao beans, foods and even slaves. Two things which particularly caught the eyes of the Spanish invaders were The Templo Mayor pyramid and huge stone sculptures. Their water management was well planned which increased the agricultural capacity of the Aztecs.

The Aztec Empire of 1519 was considered to be the most of the powerful Mesoamerican kingdom of all time. The multi-ethnic, multi-lingual realm stretched for more than 80,000 square miles through many parts of what is now central and southern Mexico.

The Aztecs were themselves appreciative of fine art and they collected pieces from across their empire to be brought back to Tenochtitlán and often ceremonially buried (Catwright, 2014). Aztec art was nothing but eclectic and ranged from miniature engraved precious objects to massive stone temples. Monumental sculptures were a particular favourite and could be fearsome monstrosities such as the colossal Coatlicue statue or be very life-like such as the famous sculpture of a seated Xochipilli.

Composed in societies and joined to the principle royal residences, artisans could represent considerable authority in metalwork, wood cutting or stone model, with materials utilized, for example, amethyst, shake gem, gold, silver, and fascinating plumes. Maybe probably the most striking craftsmanship articles are those which utilized turquoise mosaic, for example, the renowned veil of Xuihtecuhtli. Regular types of stoneware vessels incorporate human vases in splendid hues and of exceptional note was the finely made and profoundly prized Cholula product from Cholollan.

Aztec workmanship delineated all way of subjects however particularly mainstream were creatures, plants and divine beings, especially those identified with fruitfulness and horticulture. Workmanship could likewise be utilized as publicity to spread the royal predominance of Tenochtitlan. Illustrations, for example, the Sun Stone, Stone of Tizoc, and Throne of Motecuhzoma II all depict Aztec belief system and try to firmly connect political rulers to inestimable occasions and even the divine beings themselves. Indeed, even design could accomplish this point, for instance, the Templo Mayor pyramid looked to imitate the hallowed snake heap of Aztec mythology, Coatepec, and sanctuaries and statues bearing Aztec images were set up over the domain.

Not just the political and religious capital, Tenochtitlán was likewise an enormous exchanging focus with merchandise streaming in and out, for example, gold, greenstone, turquoise, cotton, cacao beans, tobacco, ceramics, apparatuses, weapons, foodstuffs (tortillas, chile sauces, maize, beans, and even creepy crawlies, for instance) and slaves. The Spanish intruders were immensely inspired by the city's magnificence and wonderful design and work of art, particularly the Templo Mayor pyramid and monstrous stone figures.

Ruling the city was the colossal Sacred Precinct with its sanctuaries and grand ball court. Tenochtitlan's water administration was additionally noteworthy with substantial waterways befuddling the city which was itself encompassed by chinampas - raised and overflowed fields - which significantly expanded the rural limit of the Aztecs. There were additionally hostile to surge dykes, simulated supplies for new water, and magnificent bloom gardens dabbed around the city.

To sum up, the Aztec empire comprised of a variety of cultures and languages. The empire reached its peak mainly because of two things; first the fact that there was a great deal of import and export in the empire and second, their love for fine art and architecture. They were known for their art and architecture. The architecture used various craftsmanship articles and stoneware vessels to produce the final product. But besides art and architecture, Tenochtitlan was also very well known for its political system. They had a strong and well planned political structure. Since the Aztecs did not want to rule directly, they had placed a local government to rule over the empire and help maintain continuity and stability throughout the empire. Their water administration was also very well planned with the raised and overflowed fields giving the Aztecs an advantage in the field of agriculture.

 

References:

 

Schmal, B. J. (2004). History of Mexico - The Aztec Empire. Retrieved October 28, 2016, from http://www.houstonculture.org/mexico/aztecs.html

Cartwright, M. (2014). Aztec Civilization. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.ancient.eu/Aztec_Civilization/

The Aztec Empire. Aztec-history.com. Retrieved from http://www.aztec-history.com/aztec-empire.html