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To pass this course, students are expected to complete all assessments and assignments listed below.

Please Note: Assessments may change over the course of the semester based on student feedback and/or professor evaluation of the usefulness and effectiveness of an assignment.

All changes to the assessments will be reflected on the course website,, and announced in class or via email.

See Grading Details for info regarding individual grade sheets, points per assignment, and letter and numeric grades.

Attendance (25 points)

Attendance is taken each class via an attendance photo five minutes after the start of class. You are expected to attend every class.

Missed Classes

However, I recognize that emergencies occur, your alarm may not go off, you may miss a bus, or you may need to dedicate time to your own physical, mental, or emotional well-being.

You are therefore allowed to miss THREE regular classes without penalty and without a need for explanation. No MCs or any other documentation are necessary and will not be accepted for additional excused absences.

If you miss more than three classes (even if you have an MC or another excuse), your attendance and participation grades may be impacted which may in turn may affect your final grade.

If you think you will miss more than three classes (or you've already missed more than three), please do come chat with me so we can set up a plan to ensure your success in the course.

Late Policy

Here's the deal: Class starts on time. That means we begin content at 8:30 or 12:00, depending on your class slot.

But I recognize that stuff happens, so you can still receive credit - even if you arrive late to class.

Late means arriving more than 5 minutes after the start of class. When this occurs, you'll see a credit of 0.75 in your gradebook (instead of the full 1 point for attendance.) 

Please note that points may be deducted from your overall attendance and participation grades if you are consistently late.

Participation (100 points)

How to Gain Participation Points

Gain 40 by doing TWO of the following elements once or ONE of the following elements twice:

A. Speaking in the large group in class at least once (1x = 20 points; 2x = 40 points)

B. Chatting with me (your prof) when I sit in on small-group discussions (1x = 20 points; 2x = 40 points)

C. Meeting with me (your prof) one-on-one to discuss course content (not just assignments) (1x = 20 points; 2x = 40 points)

Gain 60 points by including MOST of these elements:

  • Coming prepared and contributing freely to group discussions
  • Carefully listening to peers during discussions
  • Fully including all members of your discussion group in the conversation
  • Think eye contact, note-taking, non-verbal cues
  • Clearly paying attention to the professor during lectures and explanations
  • Voicing ideas, questions, and perspectives in small-group discussions with your peers
  • Completing in-class writing prompts
    • Including Entry/Exit Tweets at the start/end of each class
  • Submitting questions, comments, and useful links via Twitter
  • Emailing or speaking with me (your prof) after class regarding class content, assignments, and other topics of interest

How to Lose Participation Points

The following activities will hinder you from gaining participation points:

  • Not showing up to class or showing up consistently late
  • Consistent use of technology for non-class purposes
  • Excluding peers from a discussion group 
  • Disrespectful behavior toward peers or professor, online or in the classroom
  • Not joining in class activities

Notes on Participation Points

If you complete one of the elements listed in the “40 points” section, please come see me at the end of class so I can record your name.

  • Please note that grades for Participation are always subjective. Your grade is based on what I observe in class. I do my best to be fair and reward both the obvious things (like speaking in class) and the subtle ones (like consistent note-taking).

If you’re concerned about your participation grade at any point, or just wondering how you’re doing, please don’t hesitate to come speak with me.

Primary Source Tweets (36 points)

What are they?

Two tweets about the primary source readings due for each class. One tweet must be an original tweet (your own words). The second tweet can be another original tweet OR a reply to someone else’s tweet.

What should I write in my Tweets? 

Your tweets should include content that shows your engagement with the primary sources. This could include:

  • A question about the source
  • A quote that you think is helpful for thinking about the source
  • A resource (such as a video or article link) that helped you understand the text(s)

How long should my Response be?

Tweets can now be 280 characters long. Use as much of that space as you like. You do not need to use all 280 characters.

When are they due?

Responses are due at the start of class - to the minute. (So, if you're in the noon class, the response must be posted by 11:59 am.)

The reason for the strict deadline is due to the purpose of the assignment, which is to encourage students to prepare ahead to discuss the primary sources.

Late tweets receive zero credit. Please note that you must tweet with your assigned group (A or B) in order to receive credit for your tweets.

How many Will I complete?

Each student will submit 9 responses.

Each student will only submit one response per week, however. Students will be divided into a group "A" and group "B" for scheduling purposes only.

The deadlines for each group can be found on the Class Calendar.

Please note: Even though responses are only due once per week, all students are expected to complete all of the readings.

How will responses be graded?

Important Details

Tweets are graded for completion only. Each tweet is worth 2 points; the 2 required tweets together are worth 4 points.


Responses will be graded out of 4 points:

4 = Both tweets completed on time.

2 = One tweet completed on time.

0 = Nothing submitted on time.

These grades will be recorded in your individual grade books (see Grading Details). You will also receive comments on your blog from me for your first two responses.

When will responses be graded?

I typically grade on Fridays and Saturdays, but may need to adjust that schedule as the semester picks up. Thanks in advance for your patience! 😊

Can I see what other students write?

If their tweets are public, yes.

You can check out the class hashtag (#hwc111) or you can choose to follow some of your classmates.

That being said, it's often useful to formulate your own ideas before viewing your peers' tweets. I recommend composing at least your one original tweet before browsing through the hashtag.

2 Discussion Reflections (60 Points)

Rubric: S18 DR Feedback & Score


This assessment is an opportunity for you to more fully process the texts we read and the discussions we have in class. The goal is to think deeper about course content and to show off what you've learned.


Choose TWO readings [not classes] this semester to write about. This means you don't have to write every discussion reflection.

You must write at least ONE of the reflections about a reading & discussion in class between Class 4 and Class 14.

You may choose to write both of the reflections about readings & discussions between Classes 4 and 14.

It is up to you to decide which two discussions you wish to reflect on.


Each Discussion Reflection must include 2 elements:

  1. An answer to the question, "Why is the primary source we read and discussed in class worth studying?
  2. References to the primary source reading, including quotes and/or detailed descriptions of examples from the source.

You may also choose to include personal reflections, comparisons to other sources, or historical analysis (e.g., How does the source connect to our lecture/Crash Course content?).

A bonus of 2 points will be added to a Discussion Reflection grade if you effectively include a specific reference to an idea or tweet contributed by a classmate during discussion.

  • If sharing an idea from a classmate, please tell me the person's name.
  • If sharing a tweet, please link to the tweet.


Discussion reflections are due at 11:59 pm, 7 days after a class has taken place. Deadlines are listed on the class calendar(s). 


Each discussion reflection is worth 30 points.

Each reflection should be approximately 500 words (roughly 480-520). No research required. The point is to share your thoughts about the reading/discussion.

You should have a clear flow of ideas, clean grammar and spelling, and zero plagiarism - as is the case for all academic assignments.

Revisions will be allowed for the first Discussion Reflection you submit.

  • There is no "draft" to submit. You should plan to submit a fairly polished version of your thoughts.
  • The opportunity to revise is there *if* something goes wrong and/or you are not fully satisfied with your first grade.
  • I will send a grade and feedback and *then* you may choose to revise.
  • I will take the higher of the two grades.

Submitting your Discussion Reflection

The reflections should be submitted via Google Drive to To submit your Discussion Reflection:

  1. Create your reflection in a Google Doc.
  2. Click the blue "Share" button in the upper right corner of the screen.
  3. Enter in the box that pops up for "Share with others."
  4. Click the grey pencil to the right of the email box and select "Can Edit" or "Can Comment." (Either is fine.)
  5. Click "Done."
  6. That's it. Truly. Your Discussion Reflection is now submitted.

Blogging Project (200 Points)

This section serves as an introduction to the Blogging Project. Please see Blog Post: Full Details for further information.

Group Elements

This semester you will write ONE blog post with a small group (4 people total) of your peers. For this blog post you will:

  • Select a topic
  • Create a draft
  • Post and receive comments
  • Receive feedback from your prof
  • Submit a revised final copy of the post.

Topic selection will be done in consultation with me (Prof. Bennett). For consultation sign-up instructions and a list of available blog topics, please see Blogging Project Topics.

Please note: You may choose any topic from the list provided. Only one group may write about any given topic.

The Blog Post may be text-based or you may choose to create a video to present your information.

The Draft will be due 23 March. Please plan to submit a draft of your text-based post OR a tentative script for your video. The draft will not be counted in the final grade.You will, however, receive a tentative grade from me with comments and feedback on how to improve the final version.

The Final Publication is due 27 April. It should be about 2000 words long (give or take 100 words). It will include a bibliography, citations, and creative elements to engage your audience. Rubric TBA.

The Comments will be posted on Hello World Civ. The deadline is 2 April (one week after the Draft deadline). We’ll talk about good comment practices and expectations during Class 2 this semester.

Individual Components

In addition to the group elements, each student will receive individual credit for two elements of this project:

Comments (10 pts Each, 30 Points total)

Sign in to your Squarespace account.

Then, choose THREE separate posts to comment on. Please try to spread out your comments (don't just choose the most recent post... 😉) On each of the three posts add a comment that meets all of the following expectations:

  1. Honest, but kind. (Remember respect is a key value in our Class Policies)
  2. Include something the group did well.
  3. Include something the group could improve.

For improvements, you might consider commenting on an aspect of the Blog Post Rubric. Help the group improve their thesis, clean up citations, check their sources, or work on engaging their audience. :)

Comments should be posted no later than Wednesday, 4 April @ 11:59 pm to receive credit. Late submissions will not receive any credit.

Individual Feedback (5 pts each, 10 pts total):

After the draft and again after the final publication, you’ll fill out a short survey with comments on your individual contributions and how you perceived the dynamics of your group.

The purpose of this element is to give me a sense of how things are going - and if any issues need to be addressed.

The comments on the surveys may influence the Culture of Teamwork grades, but that grade is ultimately the result of my observations as your professor. In short, you are not grading one another.

Culture of Teamwork (40 points):

Each student will receive a grade for their ability to work with a team. This is to encourage equal contributions from all members - and to reward “star players” who help the group work through challenges and difficulties.

Like participation, this is a subjective grade and will be based on my observations during the class workshops, group meetings with me, and the individual feedback.

There’s no rubric, but here’s what I’m looking for to award 40 points:

  • Concern and care for group dynamics
  • Willingness to work through challenges/difficult situations
  • Taking initiative instead of waiting for group members to delegate
  • Completing individual contributions in a timely manner
  • Clear communication with group members
  • Openness to peers’ ideas
  • Showing up (to workshops and group meetings)

Points Breakdown and Deadlines

Additional Resources

There is a full list of resources available under the Blogging Project Resources page (link is always available in the footer of this page) - including how to create a blog post, how to pull flash images from a museum website, and how to create the yellow bubble footnotes.

Make-Up and Extension Policy

There are no make-ups or extensions for "I forgot." This goes for Primary Source Tweets, Discussion Reflections, and the Blogging Project (the comments are usually the issue...). If you make a mistake and miss a deadline, take responsibility and do better next time.

There are make-ups and extensions available on request for any occurrence that would physically or mentally prevent you from completing an assignment is grounds for a make-up or extension. In the past, for instance, I've granted flexible deadlines for chronic illness (physical and mental), death of a family member or friend, hospitalizations, and (once) someone traveling to the SEA games.

To request a make-up or extension, please email me or speak with me in person. You only need to disclose as much as you are comfortable telling me. I may ask for documentation, but it depends on the circumstance.